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Location Call Number / Copy Notes Barcode Shelving Location Status Due Date
Indiana State Library - Indianapolis [Mss I] ISLI L160 (Text) 00000106544109 Cage Manuscripts Available -

Record details

  • Physical Description: 19 manuscripts boxes, 9 microform reels

Content descriptions

Restrictions on Access Note:
The collection is open for research use.
Summary, etc.:
The collection consists principally of Tipton's correspondence and business papers from the period 1810-1839. His correspondence, including retained copies of his outgoing letters, includes letters relating to the operations of the Indiana Militia in the 1810s; and political correspondence regarding the work of the state legislature (1820s-1830s), his senatorial elections (1831, 1832), his appointments to federal office (1831-1839), and local, state, and national issues, particularly internal improvements, Indian policy and banking. The collection also includes correspondence regarding his work as Indian Agent (1823-1831), including treaty negotiations, trading practices with the Miami and Potawatomi Indians, federal Indian policy, and the removal of the Potawatomi Indians from Indiana (1838). Also included is correspondence regarding his personal business interests, particularly land development in Logansport and along the Wabash River; correspondence regarding the Masonic Lodge in Indiana; and family correspondence with his son, Spear S. Tipton, a student and lawyer in Madison, Jefferson Co. (1828-1829), and his daughter, Matilda Tipton, at school in Cincinnati (1826-1827). Also included are Tipton's journals of the Tippecanoe Expedition (1811), the Driftwood Expedition against the Indians along the White River (1812), his trip to locate the Owen County seat (1820), his trip to locate a site for the Indiana state capital (1820), his trip to mark the Indiana-Illinois boundary (1821), and his trip to Washington, D.C. with Miami and Potawatomi Indian chiefs (1826). In addition, there are accounts of annuities and treaty provisions paid to the Indians; and receipts, contracts, accounts, and other papers relating to his personal business interests. The collection also includes business papers and correspondence of his son, Spear S. Tipton (1814-1847), including papers relating to the settlement of John Tipton's estate; correspondence regarding his personal business interests and Cass County politics; and letters from Spear's half-brother, George T. Tipton, written while a student at Wabash College, Crawfordsville (1844-1846). Many of Tipton's papers are published in The John Tipton Papers (Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Bureau, 1942. 3 vols.). Correspondents include: William B. Astor, James Barbour, Joseph Bartholomew, Hervey Bates, Daniel R. Bearss, James Blake, Thomas H. Blake, Ratliff Boon, Jesse D. Bright, Bishop Simon Brute de Remur, John C. Calhoun, Israel T. Canby, Lewis Cass, Marston G. Clark, William Connor, John W. Davis, John D. Defrees, Charles Dewey, John B. Dillon, John Dowling, Thomas Dowling, Lyman C. Draper, George H. Dunn, John B. Duret, Isaac C. Elston, George W. Ewing, John Ewing, Thomas Ewing, Graham N. Fitch, Calvin Fletcher, Davis Floyd, Allen Hamilton, Hugh Hanna, Samuel Hanna, Edward A. Hannegan, William Henry Harrison, John Hays, William Hendricks, Edmond O. Hovey, Tilghman A. Howard, Elisha M. Huntington, Jonathan Jennings, Richard M. Johnson, General Washington Johnson, James F. Lanier, Jonathan McCarty, Nicholas McCarty, Isaac McCoy, Thomas L. McKenney, Pierre Menard, Samuel Merrill, Samuel Milroy, Austin W. Morris, Elias Murray, James Noble, Noah Noble, Benjamin Parke, Abel C. Pepper, John U. Pettit, William Polke, Thomas Posey, Daniel D. Pratt, James Rariden, James Brown Ray, James M. Ray, John B. Richardville, Joseph Richardville, Solon Robinson, William Rockhill, Samuel Sample, Oliver H. Smith, Jeremiah Sullivan, Cyrus Taber, Waller Taylor, John Test, Henry P. Thornton, Edward Tiffin, David Wallace, James Whitcomb, Albert S. White, William W. Wick, William Woodbridge.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction Note:
Permission to reproduce, exhibit, or publish material in this collection must be obtained from the Manuscript and Rare Books Division, Indiana State Library.
Immediate Source of Acquisition Note:
Mrs. John Tipton Purchased September 21, 1925 deposited December 12, 1925.
Biographical or Historical Data:
John Tipton was born near Sevierville in Servier County, Tennessee, on August 14, 1786. In 1793 his father was killed by Cherokee Indians and in 1807 he moved with his mother to Harrison County, Indiana. He served with the "Yellow Jackets" in the Battle of Tippecanoe and eventually achieved the rank of brigadier general of the Indiana Militia in 1817. During this period, he was also twice elected sheriff of Harrison County. Tipton subsequently served as a state representative from 1820-1823, during which time he was appointed a commissioner to select a site for the new capital of Indiana as well as to establish the border between Indiana and Illinois. In 1823, he was appointed Indian Agent for the Potawatomi and Miami tribes, and was ultimately responsible for the removal of the Potawatomi to Kansas in what became known as the "Trail of Death." While serving as Indian Agent, Tipton platted the city of Logansport in 1828. In 1831, Tipton was elected to the United States Senate (Jacksonian), where he served on the Committee on Roads and Canals and the Committee on Indian Affairs. After declining to run for re-election due to his ill health, Tipton retired from the Senate on March 3, 1839 and died at his home in Logansport on April 5.
Subject: Tipton, John, 1786-1839.
Astor, William B. (William Backhouse), 1792-1875.
Barbour, James, 1775-1842.
Bates, Hervey.
Bearss, Daniel R., 1809-1884.
Blake, James S., 1791-1870.
Blake, Thomas H. (Thomas Holdsworth), 1792-1849.
Boon, Ratliff, 1781-1844.
Bright, Jesse D. (Jesse David), 1812-1875.
Bruté de Rémur, Simon William Gabriel, 1779-1839.
Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850.
Canby, Israel T. (Israel Thompson), 1785-1846.
Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866
Connor, Henry William, 1793-1866.
Defrees, John W., 1809-
Dewey, Charles, 1784-1862.
Dillon, John B. (John Brown), 1808?-1879.
Dowling, John, approximately 1808-1878.
Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891.
Dunn, George Hedford, 1794-1854.
Elston, Isaac C. (Isaac Compton), 1798-1867.
Ewing, George Washington, 1803-1866.
Ewing, John, 1789-1858.
Fitch, Graham N. (Graham Newell), 1809-1892.
Fletcher, Calvin, 1798-1866.
Hamilton, Allen, 1798-1864.
Hanna, Samuel, 1797-1866.
Hannegan, Edward A. (Edward Allen), 1807-1859.
Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841.
Hendricks, William, 1782-1850.
Hovey, Edmund O. (Edmund Otis), 1801-1877.
Howard, Tilghman Ashurst, 1797-1844.
Huntington, Elisha Mills, 1806-1862.
Jennings, Jonathan, 1784-1834.
Johnson, Richard M. (Richard Mentor), 1780-1850.
Lanier, J. F. D. (James Franklin Doughty), 1800-1881.
McCarty, Nicholas, 1795-1854.
McCoy, Isaac, 1784-1846.
McKenney, Thomas L. (Thomas Loraine), 1785-1859.
Menard, Pierre, 1766-1844.
Merrill, Samuel, 1792-1855.
Milroy, Samuel, 1780-1845.
Noble, James, 1783-1831.
Noble, Noah, 1794-1844.
Parke, Benjamin, 1777-1835.
Pettit, John Upfold, 1820-1881.
Posey, Thomas, 1750-1818.
Pratt, Daniel D. (Daniel Darwin), 1813-1877.
Rariden, James, 1795-1856.
Ray, James Brown, 1794-1848.
Ray, James M. (James Mitchell), 1800-1881.
Richardville, John Baptiste, 1761?-1841.
Robinson, Solon, 1803-1880.
Sample, Samuel C. (Samuel Caldwell), 1796-1855.
Smith, Oliver H. (Oliver Hampton), 1794-1859.
Sullivan, Jeremiah, 1794-1870.
Taylor, Waller, -1826.
Test, John, 1771-1849.
Thornton, Henry P. (Henry Presley), 1783-1865.
Tiffin, Edward, 1766-1829.
Wallace, David, 1799-1859.
Whitcomb, James, 1795-1852.
White, Albert S. (Albert Smith), 1803-1864.
Wick, William W. (William Watson), 1796-1868.
Indiana. Militia.
Indiana. General Assembly. House of Representatives.
Legislators > United States.
Elections > Indiana.
Tippecanoe, Battle of, Ind., 1811.
Indians of North America > Indiana > Government relations.
Potawatomi Indians > Relocation.
Potawatomi Indians > Legal status, laws, etc. > Indiana.
Trail of Death, 1838.
City planning > Indiana > Logansport.
Banks and banking > Government policy > United States.
Logansport (Ind.)
Owen County (Ind.)
Cass County (Ind.) > Politics and government.
Harrison County (Ind.)

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