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  • 1 of 1 copy available at Evergreen Indiana.

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Location Call Number / Copy Notes Barcode Shelving Location Status Due Date
Indiana State Library - Indianapolis [Mss I] ISLI L443 (Text) 00000106354160 Manuscripts Available -

Record details

  • Physical Description: 0.6 Cubic feet 1 medium oversize box

Content descriptions

General Note:
Processing Information: Collection processing completed 1999/07/29 by Philip N. Williams. Collection reprocessed 2017/03/20 by Laura Eliason. Finding aid created 1999/07/29 by Philip N. Williams. EAD finding aid created 2017/03/20 by Laura Eliason.
Restrictions on Access Note:
This collection is open for research.
Summary, etc.:
This collection contains photostats of letters copied from the records of the Office of Indian Affairs and the Office of Indian Trade housed at the National Archives. Ranging from 1815-1821, the bulk of the collection is correspondence sent and received by Michigan territorial governor, Lewis Cass, regarding the Michigan superintendency. Major issues discussed are the licensing of British subjects for trade with the Indians, the distribution of annuities established by Indian treaties and the handling of other public moneys by Indian agents, the issuance of commodities (such as bread, beef, and corn) to the Indians, the nature of treaty making and the interpretation of treaties, and actions of the military against the Indians. There are references to General William Henry Harrison, the Treaty of Greenville, the Treaty of Fort Wayne and much discussion about the activities at Fort Wayne. The geographical focus of the collection is the state of Ohio, the territory and state of Indiana, the Michigan territory, and the Eel and Wabash Rivers. Native American tribes mentioned in the correspondence include the Potawatomi, Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandotte, Delaware, Shawnee, Seneca, Miami, Weaw, and Kickapoo. Correspondence in the collection also relates information about the consolidation of Indiana agencies and the personnel disputes.Correspondents included in collection:John C. Calhoun, Lewis Cass, William H. Crawford, D. (Daniel) Curtis, A.(Alexander) J. Dallas, George Graham, Jonathan Jennings, John Johnston, Charles Jouett, John Kinzie, Charles Larned, Thomas L. McKenney, James Monroe, B.F.(Benjamin Franklin) Stickney, Dr. William Turner, John R. Walker, W.W. Walker, Major J.(John) Whistler, Abraham R. Woolley.
Preferred Citation of Described Materials Note:
Office of Indiana Affairs collection, Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction Note:
Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.
Biographical or Historical Data:
In 1775, the Continental Congress created a committee on Indian Affairs. In 1789, Indian affairs were put under the authority of the Department of War and territorial governors served as district superintendents. In 1806, a superintendent of Indian trade was appointed to oversee government trading posts and this official regularly corresponded with the Secretary of War. After Congress discontinued the government trading posts, Secretary of War, John C. Calhoun, appointed Thomas L. McKenny commissioner of what would become the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) in 1824. By an act of Congress in 1832 the BIA was given legal authority over the government's trade and treaty activities with the Indians and in 1849, the BIA was transferred to the Department of the Interior. The agency was known by a variety of names and didn't officially take the title, "Bureau of Indian Affairs" until 1947.Sources:"Burerau of Indian Affairs." US Department Of The Interior: Indian Affairs. Accessed March 15, 2017., Stanley I., ed. Dictionary of American History. 3rd ed. Vol. 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003.
Ownership and Custodial History:
This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a records transfer from the Indiana Historical Bureau on 1944/10/18.
Accumulation and Frequency of Use Note:
No further additions are expected.
Subject: Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850.
Turner, William.
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs.
United States. Indian Trade Department.
Indians of North America > Government relations.
Fort Wayne (Ind.)

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